The Re-establishment-of Islam in West Borneo
The Muslims of West Borneo under the leadership of Amir Pak Zaim Saidi are at the forefront of the reestablishment of Islam in our age, the report of which follows. The end to the enslavement of the Muslim masses does not require a jihad in the traditional sense but a struggle to obey Allah, restore Zakat, the fallen pillar of Islam – an empowered tax collection not a charity gift – and abolish usury. The way to that Islam whose pure source is Madinah, and which has not changed since the creation of that city, place of the deen, by our Master, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is now open in West Borneo. May Allah restore the Ummah to its unified form and governance.
The activities of our community are centred in three towns:
- Jakarta – The Capital City of Indonesia.
- Tanjung Pinang (Bintan Island). An island part of Sumatra, located close to Singapore, 1 hour by ferry.
- Ketapang (West Borneo). A small town about 1 hour flight from Jakarta.
Ketapang or Tau-pang in Hakka is the capital city of Ketapang Regency (Kabupaten Ketapang), one of the regencies of West Kalimantan province on the island of Borneo in Indonesia. Ketapang is a small city located on the delta of the Pawan River. Ketapang is served by the Ketapang Airport (Rahadi Osman Airport) and can be reached directly from Jakarta within an hour. The number of population of Ketapang Regency currently is about 450.000 people.
Ketapang is a multicultural city. It has a large population of Chinese. Madurese and Javanese are significant minorities, in terms of size. The native Indonesians living there are mainly of Malay and Dayak descent. In regards to speech, most citizens of Ketapang incorporate a type of Malay accent in their Indonesian, which is somewhat similar to that used in Malaysia.
Historically there was a Tanjungpura or Tanjompura kingdom, which was the oldest kingdom in West Kalimantan, existing since the 14th century. The capital of the Kingdom of Tanjungpura moved several times from one place to another. Some of the causes were that the capital of the Kingdom of Tanjungpura was attacked by pirates, known as Lanon. In the kingdom of Tanjungpura there was a power struggle, carried out by the brother of Sultan Zainuddin, so the kingdom of Tanjungpura was divided. The crown prince, Pangeran Ratu Agung, was given the northern region and he builds a new kingdom, named Kingdom of Simpang. While the kingdom of Tanjungpura still existed, but the name was changed into the kingdom of Matan, ruled by Panembahan Busrah. The capital was moved to Kerta Mulia.
At this moment the Sultanate of Matan has basically vanished as political reality. The only left is the rebuilt old relatively small Palace of Matan Sultanate that serves as museum and festivities venue. Some descendants are acting as the caretakers. Both Kerta Mulia and Tanjung Pura are now just small sub-districts as part of the Modern Ketapang Regency.
THE NEW COMMUNITY ESTABLISHMENT
The establishment of the Community of Shaykh Abdalqadir as Sufi in Ketapang is centered around the Balai Mangku Negeri Tanjung Pura Darussalam, a private house of the Family of Kyai Mangku Negeri al Hajj Morkes Effendi, located in Pawan River Delta. Although it is a private house it has been basically publicly open for various civic activities and gatherings as it has been built based on a model of the original Palace of the old Tanjung Pura Sultanate, since its inauguration in 2009.
Hajj Morkes Effendi is an active politician from Golkar Party, the second largest political party in Indonesia (with 91 out of 560 seats in the National Parliament or 14.75% votes). He has been serving as its Chairperson of the Province Level Board in the last 10 years or so. He also has served as the Mayor of Ketapang Regency for two terms (2005-2015). During his tenure he restored Malay culture and several historical sites in Ketapang, including the Palace of Sultanate of Matan, the tombs of Tanjung Pura Sultans, and the tomb of first preachers of Islam in Tanjung Pura dated of 15th century. Included in the renovation, as part of the Tanjung Pura Sultanate tombs complex, is the tomb of Shaykh Muhammad Aminullah al Maghribi, a Moroccan shaykh, who spread Islam in the area in the 18th century who died and his body was buried in Tanjung Pura.
Due to his endeavour and efforts, Hajj Morkes Effendi was granted a Royal Title, Kyai Mangku Negeri, by the old Royal Family of Matan Sultanate. Now he is acknowledged widely both as formal and informal leaders. The main mover in all of our activities,
however, is his oldest son, Muhammad Yasir Anshari, who as his father, is also an active politician from the same Golkar Party, the second largest party in Ketapang. Hajj Morkes Effendi is the Chairperson of Golkar at West Kalimantan Province level, while Yasir Anshari is the chairperson of Golkar at Ketapang District level. While his father was the Mayor in Ketapang, Yasir was a Member of Parliament in Ketapang (2009-2014).
Even though reluctantly come up to the forefront of our activities Hajj Morkes Effendi fully supports and endorses our movement. He supports the establishment of sharia and haqeqah in Tanjung Pura based on our Qadiriyah-Shadziliyah-Darqawiyah suyukh’s teachings. Yasir, who got in touch with our community in Jakarta only since about early 2016 – though has been watching from distance for some times – move swi[ly. He came to Depok, attending our weekly gatherings, and in March 2016 we went to Bintan Island to see our muamalah activities model run by our community there – the market, the waqf, the taking and distribution of zakat, the development of Dinar and Dirham users’ network.
In May 2016 the first open market was organized according to the sunnah, with no rent, no tax, no riba, and use Silver Dirham and Gold Dinar as its currencies. It is called the Market of Kyai Mangku Negeri (Pasar Kyai Mangku Negeri) adopting the term Pasar Sultan used in Bintan Island. To get cultural root we capitalize the Royal Title of Hajj Morkes Effendi, the Kyai Mangku Negeri (a local adoption of a title khalifah fil ard by which literally means The Guardian of The Earth which has also been adopted by Javaness Sultans as Hamengkubuwono or Pakubuwono or Paku Alam and the like) and we restore the name Tanjung Pura Darussalam, as the new nomos we are trying to establish: therefore the name Mangku Negeri Tanjung Pura Darussalam. The market itself is open weekly every Sunday.
The Establishment of the Amirat (Mangku Negeri) Tanjung Pura Darussalam
In implementing muamalah activities in Ketapang we take from the very basics understanding that everything must be started from the restoration of Islamic Amr’ before anything else. Therefore taking bay’ah to local Amir is fundamental. The Muslim of Ketapang is receptive to the idea. They take it as a sunnah that needs to be restored.
From May 2016 there have been two different occasions that the bay’ah were publicly conducted to the Kyai Mangku Negeri al Hajj Morkes Effendi. Many Muslim men in Ketapang were spontaneously took the hand of the Amir and declare allegiance to implement the shari’ah as a jamaat. These events also serve as existential learning process for all Muslim, especially in Ketapang as to how an Islamic authority can be restored.
The Baytulmal of Mangku Negeri Tanjung Pura
One of the first steps taken by the new authority is establishing the Baytul Mal. Since May 2016 around 600 silver Dirhams coins of have been distributed to the eligible recipients. Every week, alongside the market operation, the Bayt al Mal officer routinely distribute zakat al mal even only in small quantity such as 20-30 Dirham coins/week, in various areas in Ketapang city. Some Muslims in Ketapang started to pay their zakat through zakat collectors of Baytul Mal Tanjung Pura Darussalam in Gold Dinars and Silver Dirham according to the sunnah.
Weekly Market and Users Network
Started by organizing one market in the compound of Balai Mangku Negeri, there are now two weekly markets organized by our community in Ketapang. One is the Sunday market located in front of Balai Mangku Negeri just mentioned. The other one is within the compound of Masjid Jami al Falah, in Ketapang city itself. By having another market in town it is hoped that the wider Muslim community in town are aware about the muamalah. However both markets are still relatively very small. The number of traders and users network in Ketapang is still very small. It is just the beginning.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TARIQA
The fuqara in Ketapang have a weekly gathering for reciting the MiDah al Wird and the Diwan of Shaykh Muhammad ibn al Habib every Thursday. About 15-20 people come to the gathering. They come from different background, merchants, professional, teachers, as well as politicians. Interestingly the politicians are from different political parties, namely Golkar, PAN (Partai Amanat National), and PKS (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, the Ikhwan typed political party). Among the three, one politician is now an active local Member of Parliament.
A rather big gathering, the Laylatul Fuqara of Nusantara, was conducted from 29 August 2016-1 September 2016. The gathering was attended by fuqara from Jakarta, Depok, Bintan, Kuala Lumpur, as well as the local people. In addition to dzikir night the fuqara visited the tomb of old sultan and a Maghribi aulia, Shaykh Muhammad Aminullah al Maghribi, where Nashiri Du’a was introduced and recited for the first time. Amir Umarazmon Hasan and Muqadim Shamsul Haq were with the community in the three day events.
The following pictures shows the Community of Shaykh Dr Abdalqadir as Sufi of Mangku Negeri Tanjung Pura Darussalam, Ketapang, West Borneo, with some other fuqara from Jakarta, Bintan, Malaysia, and Depok, visited the tombs of Sultan Jainuddin Mursal and Shaykh Aminullah al Maghribi, and his khalwat place in Tanjung Pura village. The place can be reached by boat through Pawan River or by motorbike in about 45 minutes from Balai Mangku Negeri. For the first time Nashiri Du’a was introduced recited by Muslim jama’a in the region, in the late August 2106.
Dua’ Nasiri is now recited daily by the students group of Pondok Pesantren (Boarding School) Hidayaturrahman led by Ustadz Jemai’e Makmur. The Pesantren has an affiliation with Nahdhatul Ulama (NU) local chapter, and is a good door for expansion, as NU is the biggest traditional Muslim groups in Indonesia. The Pondok in Ketapang has about 600 student of tsanawiyah (primary) and aliyah (secondary) level.
Weekly gathering for reciting Wird and Diwan with Durs. Reciting Suratul Yassin and Qasida Burdah.
To spread the message and the teaching of our suyukh, general and specific public educations activities are conducted in Ketapang. Specifically three books by Shaykh Abdalqadir as Sufi have been transmitted though intensive courses in Ketapang: Sultaniyya, the Book of Amal, and The Three Discourses (Tawhid, Hubb and Futuwwa). General lectures and talks have also been conducted several times, attended by wider audience, including general public of Ketapang.
Occasional and regular classes as well as intensive courses, among others, on:
- The Entire City
- The Book of Amal
- Sultaniyya and the Return of the Khalifate
- General theme on Amal Ahlul Madinah and various aspects of Muamalah
Weekly (in Tanjung Pinang) and monthly open market (in Depok and Ketapang) with no rent, no tax and no riba. Dinar and Dirham are used as the medium of exchange. The recipients of the zakat come to the markets to spend their dirhams. Also general public who want to transact with silver and gold coins.
- Indonesian version of Root Islamic Education (Akar Pendidikan Islam)
- Indonesian version of Technique of the Coup de Banque (Teknik Kudeta Bank)
- Indonesian version of Sultaniyya (Sultaniyya)
- Indonesian version of Heidegger for Muslim (Heidegger for Muslim)
- Indonesian version of The Return of the Khalifate (Kembalinya Khalifah)
- Indonesian version of The Collapse of Monetarist Society and related papers (Krisis Finansial)
- Indonesian version of the Dismantling of Political Class and related articles (Melucuti Politisi)
- Indonesian version of LeGer to An Arab Muslim (Pesan Kepada Muslim)
- Indonesian version of My Definition of State (Membongkar Sihir Negara by Shaykh Umar I Vadillo)
ESTABLISHING IMARET WAQF
The Imaret will be built in two area in Tanjung Pinang (Toapaya and Tembeling ) and Ketapang (Kepala Delta Pawan). Waqf land are now available in Toapaya (3500 seq m ) and Tembeling (40.000 seq m) and in Ketapang (25.000 seq m).
VISION: A place of Remembrance of Allah. Muamalat. The Din. Futawwa. Fiqh. Koran. A place of sovereignty, sultanate, autonomy and enterprise. Of Service to the local community. Hospitality. The prophetic economy. Stewardship and husbandry. Guild structure. Budi Perketi (principles of civility) Berbakti pada Tanah (’to serve theland’). Of Leadership, Teaching and living, Husbandry, organic horticulture, permaculture, health, complementary medicine, health through diet, clinic. Enterprise workshops, eco tourism, alternative energy, natural materials, local economy. Muslim economy . Pesantren. Imaret and Kulliye models. Art and performance.
OTHER COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES
Martial Arts: Pencak Silat
Archery Club/Festival and Horse Riding